2019, perakende sektörü için yaşayan hafızanın en zor yıllarından biriydi – online market siparişi tüketici harcamalarının yavaşladığını, tüketicilerin perakendeciler tarafından daha etik uygulamaların benimsenmesi yönünde bir itici güç ve çevrimiçi satışlarda hızlı bir artış gördük. Bu, yalnızca ABD’de 9.000’den fazla mağaza kapanışı ve birden fazla perakende işletmesinden kar uyarıları ile sonuçlandı.
Bu zorluklara rağmen, dünyanın en büyük perakendecileri dünyadaki en yüksek cirolu şirketlerden bazıları olmaya devam ediyor ve Kantar / WPP tarafından yürütülen Gerçek Büyüme Enstitüsü’nün (IRG) yakın tarihli bir raporu , bu işletmelerin büyüklüğünü vurguluyor. Tüm rakamlar, 2018 Mali Yılı ve / veya Mart / Nisan 2019 tarihi için yılbaşından bugüne kadar olan sonuçlara dayalı tahminlerdir.
Dünyanın en iyi 50 perakendecisi listesine girmek için şirketlerin 24 milyar doları aşması gerekiyor. Listeye giren en düşük mağaza sayısına sahip firma 384 ile ABD’de HEB, en çok mağazaya sahip firma 37.346 ile Japonya’da Seven & I oldu.
The US is the most recognized nation on the list with 17 of the companies being based there, followed by France with 7 and Germany with 6. China has just 4 retailers on the list – JD.com, Alibaba, Suning, and China Resources Enterprise.
The top 10 retailers by turnover globally,
- Walmart (US) – With $517bn in global revenue Walmart is still over double the size of Amazon, despite Amazon enjoying a significantly higher market capitalization. US-focused Walmart continues to expand internationally and 23% of revenue now comes from outside the US, 4% higher than Amazon.
- Amazon (US) – The top online retailer globally with $213bn in revenue. The higher market capitalization of the business comes to its 5-year growth rate of 22% compared to just 1% for Walmart and $10bn in profits for the past financial year, significantly higher due to its highly profitable cloud computing business.
- Costco (US) – The value big-box retail saw $144bn in sales. This revenue was driven from just 788 sites – showing the big store model can certainly drive high volumes.
- Schwarz Group (Germany) – The highest non-US entry on the list saw revenues of $130bn with 63% of revenue coming outside of Germany for the group that owns the Lidl supermarket chain and other retail assets.
- Kroger (US) – With no international presence Kroger still generated $124bn in revenues from just 3,037 stores in the US. This is compared to Schwarz’s 12,000 stores and $130bn.
- Walgreens Boots Alliance (US) – The largest pharmacy company in the world generated $114bn in revenue with 13% of sales coming from international businesses, most notably the high street pharmacy Boots, in the UK.
- Home Depot (US) – The only home improvement company in the top 10 is Home Depot with sales of $108bn. The company is less likely to feel the threat of Amazon due to the specialized nature of the products it sells.
- Aldi (Germany) – 70% of sales for Aldi now occur outside of Germany, showing how popular the German chain has become across Europe. 11,922 stores are estimated to generate sales of $109bn.
- Carrefour (France) – Still Europe’s biggest supermarket chain by volume of stores – the French giant is now coming under increasing pressure across key markets from the German Schwarz and Aldi groups. Sales came in at $101bn.
- JD.Com (China) – With sales of $94bn JD.com is twice the size of it’s more famous, certainly in western countries, competitor Alibaba. This high revenue has now seen the company invest heavily in other technology products. None of the companies revenue comes from outside of China.
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Other stand out names on the list include Apple in 21st place with revenue of $59bn, Ikea in 22nd place with sales of $53bn and Alibaba in 25th place with sales of $49bn – although its growth rate of 44% over the past 5 years is more than double that of Amazon.
2019 might have been a hard year for the retail industry in general but it’s a sector where the big companies are only getting bigger and more powerful.